The Value of the Direct Lateral Hip Radiograph in an Adult Reconstruction PracticeThe specialty evaluation of hip pain, stiffness, and/or dysfunction usually includes patient history, physical examination, and radiographic evaluation. Radiographic views of the hip are not standardized, and basic studies may include an anteroposterior pelvis, anteroposterior hip, frog lateral, and direct lateral of the hip. In this article, we discuss the importance of obtaining a direct lateral radiograph of the hip in all patients being evaluated by a specialist for hip pain and its value in hip arthroplasty care.
A Simple, Personalized Opioid Stratification Pathway Dramatically Reduces Opioid UtilizationOrthopaedic surgeons account for the largest proportion of opioid prescriptions in the United States among surgical specialties. In total joint arthroplasty, increased opioid use has been associated with poorer clinical and functional outcomes. Despite an abundance of literature on opioid mitigation strategies, most fail to provide personalized prescriptions. Typically, most protocols prescribe the same opioid regimen regardless of patient factors or the extent of the planned procedure. We present a simple opioid stratification pathway that can be used by physicians and office staff as they prepare patients for arthroplasty.
Combating the Opioid Epidemic: Experience with a Single Prescription for Total Joint ArthroplastyDespite advances in perioperative total joint arthroplasty (TJA) pain protocols, opiates continue to play a major role in postoperative pain control. This brief communication reports our experience with a restrictive opioid protocol allowing patients only a single prescription of low-dose opioids.
A Vertical Measurement System to Predict the Change in Leg Length in Total Hip ArthroplastyThe management of leg lengths in total hip arthroplasty continues to challenge orthopaedic surgeons. The aim of this study is to test the reliability of a measuring device used to measure the resected femoral head and how the resulting intra operatively calculated change in leg length compares to the radiographically measured change in leg length. Four orthopaedic surgeons measured 20 femoral heads and the intra class coefficients of the raters were between 0.955 and 0.990 with a mean difference less 1 mm, indicating the reliability of the device.
A Novel Method of Determining Acetabular Component Size to Guide Explant in Revision Hip ArthroplastyRevision hip arthroplasty is a frequently performed procedure and is projected to increase annually. Removal of a well-fixed acetabular component can involve loss of much needed bone stock. Contemporary instruments allow acetabular removal with minimal morbidity; however, their use requires accurate knowledge of the component size. We describe a technique that allows sizing to be determined accurately, without specialized equipment, in situations where component details are unavailable. Our technique multiplies ratio of head:cup on pre-operative X-ray by the diameter of the index femoral head which is removed intra-operatively to predict index cup size.
Elephant’s ear sign: a new radiographic finding indicative of acetabular retroversionAcetabular retroversion is a relatively common condition affecting the hip that can result in symptoms in some patients. Diagnosis of acetabular retroversion relies on obtaining a proper anteroposterior radiograph of the pelvis. Cross-over, posterior wall, and ischial spine signs are usually present in patients on the radiographs of patients with acetabular retroversion. In this illustrative case report, we describe an additional radiographic sign, elephant’s ear sign, associated with acetabular retroversion that we have seen to be present in patients with acetabular retroversion.
Custom titanium sleeve for surgical treatment of mechanically assisted crevice corrosion in the well-fixed, noncontemporary stem in total hip arthroplastyAdverse local tissue reaction associated with total hip replacement may occur when mechanically assisted crevice corrosion occurs at metal-metal modular junctions in which at least one of the components is fabricated from cobalt-chromium alloy. Complete removal of components may be associated with significant morbidity; when components are well fixed and in acceptable position, it may be appropriate to consider modular rather than complete revision. We have diagnosed mechanically assisted crevice corrosion in total hip arthroplasty patients with noncontemporary but well-fixed femoral components and found that modular conversion to a ceramic femoral head to remove a source of CoCr corrosion and fretting products was only possible by having a custom titanium sleeve manufactured.