TJA in Rare Conditions
Gunshot Wound to the Hip Resulting in a Femoral Head and Acetabulum Fracture Treated With Open Reduction and Internal Fixation and Bipolar HemiarthroplastyCombined fractures of the femoral head and acetabulum due to ballistic injuries are rare injuries, especially in the elderly. We present a case of a 70-year-old female who sustained a gunshot wound to the left hip, resulting in a comminuted femoral head fracture and posterior wall acetabular fracture. She was treated with open reduction and internal fixation of the acetabulum, as well as bipolar hemiarthroplasty for treatment of her femoral head fracture. At her 18-month follow-up visit, the patient was doing well and had no complaints.
Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Setting of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip and Extreme Hip Flexion Requirements due to PhocomeliaPhocomelia is a rare congenital birth defect marked by hypoplastic or markedly absent limbs. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a congenital disorder with a failure of the native acetabulum to provide complete coverage over the femoral head. The secondary osteoarthritis that develops from DDH is technically challenging for orthopedic surgeons because of distorted anatomy. The present case describes the diagnosis of Crowe 3 DDH in a phocomelia patient with hyperflexion requirements who successfully underwent staged bilateral total hip arthroplasty via a direct anterior approach.