TJA in Rare Conditions
Complex Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty in a Patient with Achondroplasia, Osteoarthritis, and Severe Coronal InstabilityGenu varum in patients with achondroplasia is common and is often exacerbated by the associated generalized ligamentous laxity. Despite this, development of knee osteoarthritis is rare. There are only a few previously published case reports of total knee arthroplasty in this population. We present 2-year follow-up of a patient with achondroplasia who underwent staged bilateral primary total knee arthroplasties using hinged components. Technical considerations and careful preoperative planning are required in patients with achondroplasia given their small skeletal stature, metaphyseal deformities, and ligamentous laxity.
Concomitant achondroplasia and developmental dysplasia of the hipAchondroplasia (ACH) is the most common form of hereditary dwarfism and presents with multiple musculoskeletal anomalies but is not normally associated with premature hip arthritis. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a spectrum of disease resulting in shallow acetabular depth and a propensity for chronic femoral subluxation or dislocation; it is among the most common causes of premature arthritis. This case report describes the diagnosis of symptomatic DDH in a patient with ACH and highlights difficulties of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) as a treatment option.