TJA in Rare Conditions
- Combined fractures of the femoral head and acetabulum due to ballistic injuries are rare injuries, especially in the elderly. We present a case of a 70-year-old female who sustained a gunshot wound to the left hip, resulting in a comminuted femoral head fracture and posterior wall acetabular fracture. She was treated with open reduction and internal fixation of the acetabulum, as well as bipolar hemiarthroplasty for treatment of her femoral head fracture. At her 18-month follow-up visit, the patient was doing well and had no complaints.
- Patients with hereditary multiple exostosis develop several benign osseocartilaginous bulge lesions throughout the body. A 62-year-old woman presented for evaluation of worsening left knee valgus deformity, and left knee pain. She had been diagnosed with hereditary multiple exostosis at the age of 12 years. Radiographic evaluation of the left knee revealed exostoses that caused continuous bulges from cortical bone at the metaphyseal regions of the femur and tibia as well as extra-articular deformity.
- Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with a prior contralateral above-knee amputation (AKA) is uncommon, with limited literature describing the outcomes. We used a national database to compare the outcomes of primary TKA in above-knee amputees and nonamputees.
- Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a postoperative wound care method, which has recently become an ongoing field of research in hip and knee arthroplasty. We report the successful management of wound dehiscence and infection after THA in a case of Marfan syndrome by closed-incision negative-pressure wound therapy (ciNPWT). Our patient also developed a rare postoperative neurologic complication, that is, Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS). To our knowledge, this is the first report of PTS and ciNPWT use for SSI after THA in a Marfan patient.
- Blount disease is an acquired, asymmetrical disorder of proximal tibial growth that results in a complex three-dimensional proximal tibial deformity, with tibial varus being the dominating feature. Although the exact pathophysiology is unknown, Blount disease is separated into 2 clinical variants, infantile and adolescent, based on the onset of symptoms occurring before or after the age of 10 years. If recognized and treated early, affected patients generally have a favorable prognosis; however, if neglected, it can lead to progressive malalignment and premature osteoarthritis.